Atlas of nesting birds in Bulgaria

Common Kestrel

(Falco tinnunculus)

Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) – Least Concern

Population size: 4 000 – 7 500 pairs

Density Pattern 

Uneven, in most of the occupied squares are less than 10 pairs. Higher density in the areas with rock formations and gorge although rarely exceeds 20–25 pairs/square. Higher numbers are recorded also in the Thracian Plain and along the valley of the Tundzha River and the adjacent areas, where it breeds mainly in old nests of Black-billed Magpie (Pica pica) on power poles, as well as in Eastern Dobrudzha, where inhabits the nests of Corvidae in the shelter-belts. Low density in the Danubian Plain and North East Bulgaria, in spite of the existence of suitable for breeding and rich in food habitats.

Big size map

Breeding distribution 2013 – 2020 – The distribution and the estimation of the population size of the species for the period 2013 – 2020 is presented –

Comparative distribution of the species compared to the first breeding birds atlas (Iankov, 2007): Breeding locality until 2007 | Breeding locality until 2007, confirmed after 2015 – | New breeding locality after 2015. – The breeding localities after 2015 are identified on a base of raw data from


Breeds mainly on inland cliffs and exposed rocks, including around cave entrances, in strips of trees, shrubs, and patches of them, in towns, villages, industrial sites, on pylons, single buildings and other constructions in agricultural lands and artificial landscapes, rarely on the edges of lowland broad-leaved deciduous forests and on sea cliffs and rocky shores.

Trends in population changes for the period 2013-2020

Not analysed


Not analysed