Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) – Least Concern
Population size: 8 000 – 10 000 pairs
With patchy distribution, covering entirely the higher parts of most mountains and partly the lower ones (Strandzha, the Eastern Rhodopes, the Eastern Stara Planina, Sredna Gora, the Western Frontier Mountains). With dispersed isolated sites in the lower mountains (Sredna Gora, the Eastern Rhodopes, etc.), but also in the Thracian Plain, the northern part of the Iskar Gorge, etc.
Comparative distribution of the species compared to the first breeding birds atlas (Iankov, 2007): Breeding locality until 2007 | Breeding locality until 2007, confirmed after 2015 – | New breeding locality after 2015. – The breeding localities after 2015 are identified on a base of raw data from smartbirds.org.
Breeds along clean, cold fast-flowing rivers and larger streams in their mountainous and fore-mountainous parts, as well as around lakes at high altitudes. Breeds near rivers and large streams within mountain towns, villages and industrial zones, including below bridges, barrages, buildings and other constructions.
Trends in population changes for the period 2013-2020