Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) – Least Concern
Population size: 1 200 – 3 000 pairs
With patchy and dispersed distribution in plains and low hilly areas throughout the country, mainly in Sakar, Kraimorska Dobrudzha, the Sliven valley, areas north of Burgas, the Eastern Rhodopes, Besaparski hills and other parts of the Thracian Plain, Karlovo Plain, rocky hilly areas around the Sofia Field, Zlatiyata, and the southern part of the Struma valley. Single sites are found in the Danubian Plain, Dobrudzha and South-eastern Bulgaria. The distribution is determined by the fragmentation of the favoured steppe, secondary-steppe and semi-steppe terrains.
Comparative distribution of the species compared to the first breeding birds atlas (Iankov, 2007): Breeding locality until 2007 | Breeding locality until 2007, confirmed after 2015 – | New breeding locality after 2015. – The breeding localities after 2015 are identified on a base of raw data from smartbirds.org.
Breeds mainly in steppes and dry calcareous grasslands, in dry siliceous grasslands (most often pastures), and rarely – on seashores with extensive and overgrown grassy dunes.
Trends in population changes for the period 2013-2020