Atlas of nesting birds in Bulgaria

Yellowhammer

(Emberiza citrinella)

Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) – Least Concern

Population size: 50 000 – 80 000 pairs

Distribution pattern

With patchy and dispersed distribution, more consistent in the forested mountains and in some forested areas in Northern Bulgaria, with isolated breeding sites also in other parts of the plains. It is not found in most of the Danubian Plain, the Thracian Plain, the areas along the Tundzha River, the Burgas Plain, the lower parts of the Eastern Rhodopes, etc.

Big size map

Breeding distribution 2013 – 2020 – The distribution and the estimation of the population size of the species for the period 2013 – 2020 is presented –

Comparative distribution of the species compared to the first breeding birds atlas (Iankov, 2007): Breeding locality until 2007 | Breeding locality until 2007, confirmed after 2015 – | New breeding locality after 2015. – The breeding localities after 2015 are identified on a base of raw data from smartbirds.org.

Habitats

Breeds in various forests, in the mountains mainly in coniferous forests and less often in mixed forests, in the lower altitudes – mainly in sparse deciduous forests and as an exception in riverine forests and brush. It keeps to the edges of the forests mixed with scrub and grass communities. In Dobrudzha is more numerous in the forests of Quercus cerris and the ecotone zone, close to agricultural lands and artificial landscapes. Rare in the forested outskirts of towns, villages and industrial zones.

Trends in population changes for the period 2013-2020

Not analysed

Threats

Not analysed