Atlas of nesting birds in Bulgaria

Eurasian Nightjar

(Caprimulgus europaeus)

Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) – Least Concern

Population size: 7 000 – 10 000 pairs

Distribution pattern

With patchy distribution throughout most of the territory of the country with the exception of some areas with sparse shrub and tree vegetation in the Danubian Plain, Thracian Plain, the eastern part of Dobrudzha, Burgas Plain, etc. In a number of areas, the species has more dispersed distribution and the sites are sometimes at quite a distance from the more densely occupied territories.

Big size map

Breeding distribution 2013 – 2020 – The distribution and the estimation of the population size of the species for the period 2013 – 2020 is presented –

Comparative distribution of the species compared to the first breeding birds atlas (Iankov, 2007): Breeding locality until 2007 | Breeding locality until 2007, confirmed after 2015 – | New breeding locality after 2015. – The breeding localities after 2015 are identified on a base of raw data from


Breeds in broad-leaved deciduous forests – mainly Quercus sp. and Carpinus orientalis, especially in rocky karst landscapes. It is found in various bush formations – mainly of Paliurus spina-christi, Juniperus oxycedris, Prunus spinose, etc. Rarely in forests of Fagus sp. and in coniferous forests and in mixed forests. Favours also clearings, especially during the initial stage of natural regeneration of the forest vegetation.

Trends in population changes for the period 2013-2020

Not analysed


Not analysed