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Atlas of nesting birds in Bulgaria

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Eurasian Blackbird

Eurasian Blackbird

(Turdus merula)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 1 000 000 – 3 000 000 pairs Density pattern Uneven, the highest density (more than 1000 pairs/sq.) is in the low and middle parts of the mountains. The lowest (less than 10...

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Eurasian Hobby

Eurasian Hobby

(Falco subbuteo)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 600 - 1200 pairs Distribution pattern Dispersed over the whole territory of the country in both plains and in higher parts of the mountains. More dense distribution along...

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European Goldfinch

European Goldfinch

(Carduelis carduelis)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 400 000 - 600 000 pairs Distribution pattern Everywhere throughout the country, mainly in the plains, hills and in the low mountain regions, less often in the...

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Eurasian scops owl

Eurasian scops owl

(Otus scops)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 6 000 – 9 000 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy and dispersed distribution throughout the country, more consistent in the Eastern Rhodopes, Sakar, the valleys of the Rivers...

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Eurasian Bullfinch

Eurasian Bullfinch

(Pyrrhula pyrrhula)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 15 000 - 25 000 pairs Distribution pattern With limited patchy distribution, concentrated in the higher parts of the mountains in the Rila-Rhodope Massif, Central and...

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European Robin

European Robin

(Erithacus rubecula)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 1 000 000 – 1 500 000 pairs Distribution pattern Distributed in most of the country, more densely in mountainous and semi-mountainous areas, and patchy - in the forested...

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Eurasian Jackdaw

Eurasian Jackdaw

(Corvus monedula)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 75 000 - 250 000 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy and dispersed distribution throughout the country, denser in the plains and semi-mountainous areas with predominant...

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Eurasian Penduline Tit

Eurasian Penduline Tit

(Remiz pendulinus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 400 - 800 pairs Distribution pattern With predominantly dispersed distribution in the plains of the country along the middle and lower reaches of the rivers and around...

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Eleonora’s Falcon

Eleonora’s Falcon

(Falco eleonorae)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 0 pairs Distribution pattern Breeds in the Mediterranean coast, but stray birds are observed annually in our country, most often in Southern Bulgaria and on the Black Sea...

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Eurasian Jay

Eurasian Jay

(Garrulus glandarius)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 100 000-200 000 pairs Density pattern Uneven and relatively high distribution. In most of the occupied territory breed hundreds of pairs per square (in the mountains,...

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Eurasian Crag Martin

Eurasian Crag Martin

(Ptyonoprogne rupestris)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 10 000 - 15 000 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy and dispersed distribution, covering almost entirely all mountains. With dispersed breeding grounds also in...

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European Roller

European Roller

(Coracias garrulus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 2 500 – 5 500 pairs Distribution pattern With almost dense distribution in the plains and some low mountainous areas of the country, especially along the Danube, in the...

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Eurasian River Warbler

Eurasian River Warbler

(Locustella fluviatilis)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 130 - 530 pairs Distribution pattern With dispersed and patchy distribution, with nesting grounds in places along the Danube River and Lomovete, and isolated ones in...

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Eurasian Tree Sparrow

Eurasian Tree Sparrow

(Passer montanus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 500 000 - 800 000 pairs Distribution pattern With consistent distribution over almost the entire territory of the country with the exception of the highest parts of the...

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Eurasian Hoopoe

Eurasian Hoopoe

(Upupa epops)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 8 000 – 15 000 pairs Distribution pattern With almost ubiquitous distribution throughout the country except for middle and high parts of the mountains.Breeding distribution...

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European Honey Buzzard

European Honey Buzzard

(Pernis apivorus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 450 - 550 pairs Distribution pattern Dispersed over almost the entire territory of the country, with highest density in the low and middle areas of the mountains with...

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Eurasian Linnet

Eurasian Linnet

(Carduelis cannabina)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 40 000 - 100 000 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy and dispersed distribution in most of the country, mainly on open rocky terrains in the foothills and low...

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European Turtle Dove

European Turtle Dove

(Streptopelia turtur)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Vulnerable Population size: 25 000 - 80 000 pairs Distribution pattern With broad fragmented distribution all over the country with the exception of the higher typically forested areas in the...

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European Bee-eater

European Bee-eater

(Merops apiaster)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 25 000 - 50 000 pairs Distribution pattern Distributed over almost the entire territory of the plains and hills of the country - more grouped in neighbouring squares in the...

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Eurasian Sparrowhawk

Eurasian Sparrowhawk

(Accipiter nisus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 1 500 – 2 000 pairs Distribution pattern Dispersed and grouped throughout almost the entire territory of the country with the exception of some agricultural regions. More...

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Eastern Bonelli’s Warbler

Eastern Bonelli’s Warbler

(Phylloscopus orientalis)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 5 000 – 7 000 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy and dispersed distribution, covering more densely the Eastern Rhodopes, separate areas of the valleys of the...

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European Pied Flycatcher

European Pied Flycatcher

(Ficedula hypoleuca)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 0 - 5 pairs Distribution pattern Registered as nesting species in the past. Currently, the border of the breeding area of the species is located north of...

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Eurasian Siskin

Eurasian Siskin

(Carduelis spinus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 2 000 - 4 000 pairs Distribution pattern With limited patchy distribution, concentrated mainly in the coniferous belt of the mountains  Rila, Pirin, Western Rhodopes,...

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European Serin

European Serin

(Serinus serinus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 25 000 - 50 000 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy distribution, concentrated mainly in the higher parts of the Rila-Rhodope Massif, Western and Central Stara Planina,...

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Eurasian Collared Dove

Eurasian Collared Dove

(Streptopelia decaocto)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 90 000-200 000 pairs Distribution pattern Distributed throughout the country except for the middle and high parts of the mountains (Stara Planina, Rila, Pirin,...

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Eurasian Treecreeper

Eurasian Treecreeper

(Certhia brachydactyla)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 50 000 - 75 000 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy and dispersed distribution, concentrated mainly in the mountainous forest areas. Denser distribution in the...

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Eurasian Woodcock

Eurasian Woodcock

(Scolopax rusticola)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020 - Least Concern Population size: 30 - 100 pairs Distribution pattern With dispersed habitats, more grouped in Sredna Gora, the forested parts of the Western and Central Balkan, Rila, Pirin, Western...

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Eurasian Nuthatch

Eurasian Nuthatch

(Sitta europaea)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020 - Least Concern Population size: 100 000 - 300 000 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy and dispersed distribution in most of the country, mainly in the mountains and plains with forests. Does not occur in...

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Eurasian Wryneck

Eurasian Wryneck

(Jynx torquilla)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 5 000 - 8 000 pairs Distribution pattern Patchy distribution over the whole country except for the middle and the high parts of the mountains and the predominantly...

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Eurasian Pygmy Owl

Eurasian Pygmy Owl

(Glaucidium passerinum)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 30 - 120 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy and dispersed distribution, denser in the higher parts of Rila and Central Stara Planina, with more distant breeding...

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Eurasian Eagle Owl

Eurasian Eagle Owl

(Bubo bubo)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 420 - 490 pairs Distribution pattern With dispersed to patchy distribution throughout country, more consistently in the Eastern Rhodopes, Strandzha, Eastern Stara Planina, and...

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European Greenfinch

European Greenfinch

(Chloris chloris)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 200 000 - 400 000 pairs Distribution pattern With almost ubiquitous distribution throughout the country except for the alpine areas of the mountains and isolated areas in...

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Eurasian Nightjar

Eurasian Nightjar

(Caprimulgus europaeus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 7 000 - 10 000 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy distribution throughout most of the territory of the country with the exception of some areas with sparse shrub...

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Eurasian Skylark

Eurasian Skylark

(Alauda arvensis)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 800 000 - 2 500 000 pairs Distribution pattern Widespread in open terrains throughout the country without mountainous areas and areas with extensive and dense forests....

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Eurasian Wigeon

Eurasian Wigeon

 (Mareca penelope)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 0 pairs Distribution pattern Isolated sites during the breeding season on the Danube River, in the Mandra Lake, along the Maritsa River and Iskar River. All observations...

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European Goldfinch

European Goldfinch

(Carduelis carduelis)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 400 000 - 600 000 pairs Distribution pattern Everywhere throughout the country, mainly in the plains, hills and in the low mountain regions, less often in the...

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European Shag

European Shag

(Gulosus aristotelis) (Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 2020: 188-392 pairs (2007: 180–250 pairs)  Distribution pattern Breeds in dispersed colonies in the Northern part of the Black...

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Eurasian Spoonbill

Eurasian Spoonbill

(Platalea leucorodia)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 2020: 84-168 pairs (2007: 80-150 pairs) Distribution pattern Dispersed breeding sites in mixed colonies with herons and cormorants along the Danube River and in the...

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Egyptian vulture

Egyptian vulture

(Neophron percnopterus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) – Endangered  Population size: 2020: 24 pairs (2007: 30 - 40 pairs) Distribution pattern With fragmented patchy distribution, concentrated in the Eastern Rhodopes, the Eastern Stara Planina, the...

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Eurasian Oystercatcher

Eurasian Oystercatcher

(Haematopus ostralegus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) – Near threatened Population size: 2020: 39 -94 pairs (2007: 30-50 pairs) Distribution pattern The breeding sites are in four isolated areas: on islands in the middle and lower currents of the...

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