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Atlas of nesting birds in Bulgaria

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Сирийски кълвач

Сирийски кълвач

(Oriolus oriolus)Eurasian Golden Oriole (Oriolus oriolus) Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 80 000 - 150 000 pairs Distribution pattern Distributed throughout the country except for the higher parts of the mountains (above...

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Common Nightingale

Common Nightingale

(Luscinia megarhynchos)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 200 000 – 500 000 pairs Distribution pattern Distributed throughout the country without the middle and high parts of the mountains of the Rila-Rhodope Massif, the...

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Common Kestrel

Common Kestrel

(Falco tinnunculus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 4 000 – 7 500 pairs Density Pattern  Uneven, in most of the occupied squares are less than 10 pairs. Higher density in the areas with rock formations and gorge although...

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Common Stonechat

Common Stonechat

(Saxicola torquatus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 3 000 – 6 000 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy distribution throughout the country without the forested plains and mountains. More compact in South-eastern...

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Coal Tit

Coal Tit

(Periparus ater)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 300 000 - 600 000 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy and in some areas dispersed distribution. Densely covering the coniferous belt of the mountains of the Rila-Rhodope...

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Common Snipe

Common Snipe

(Gallinago gallinago)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 2 - 10 pairs Distribution pattern Isolated single localities, mainly in the Thracian Plain, the Sofia Field, along the Danube River, around Burgas, in the area of the...

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Corn Bunting

Corn Bunting

(Emberiza calandra)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 700 000 - 1 000 000 pairs Distribution pattern Everywhere in almost the entire country except for the higher parts of the mountains and the areas with dense...

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Common Magpie

Common Magpie

(Pica pica)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 200 000 - 300 000 pairs Distribution pattern Distributed in natural and anthropogenic habitats in most of the country except for the mountainous and some other areas with dense...

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Common Quail

Common Quail

(Coturnix coturnix)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 15 000 - 35 000 calling males Distribution pattern Widespread in the plains and semi-mountainous parts of the country close to grain crops and meadows, as well as at some...

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Common Grasshopper Warbler

Common Grasshopper Warbler

(Locustella naevia)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 0 - 5 pairs Distribution pattern With dispersed distribution mainly along the Danube River (the Belene Lowland, the region of the Srebarna Lake, the Kalimok fishponds)...

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Chaffinch

Chaffinch

(Fringilla coelebs)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 2 000 000 - 6 000 000 pairs Distribution pattern With almost consistent distribution throughout the country, with the exception of some treeless mostly agricultural areas...

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Common Cuckoo

Common Cuckoo

(Cuculus canorus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 20 000-50 000 calling males  Distribution pattern Widespread throughout the country, including in the highest parts of the mountains. Avoids places with extensive and...

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Common Crossbill

Common Crossbill

(Loxia curvirostra)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 5 000 - 25 000 pairs Distribution pattern With a patchy distribution in the coniferous belt in the high mountains of the Rila-Rhodope Massif, Vitosha, Western and Central...

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Common Starling

Common Starling

(Sturnus vulgaris)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 950 000 - 3 000 000 pairs Distribution pattern With almost ubiquitous distribution throughout the country, except for the high and more consistently forested parts of the...

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Common Redshank

Common Redshank

(Tringa totanus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 15 - 35 pairs Distribution pattern With dispersed distribution, more grouped in the main breeding area of the species - the Burgas Wetlands, but single nesting sites are...

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Common Coot

Common Coot

(Fulica atra)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 1 700-3 000 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy distribution in the plains and lowlands of the country. More consistently distributed in the Danubian Plain (especially along...

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Corncrake

Corncrake

(Crex crex)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 4 000 – 8 800 calling males Distribution pattern With patchy distribution mainly in Northern and in Western Bulgaria and with dispersed habitats in the Southern and the Eastern...

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Common Sandpiper

Common Sandpiper

(Actitis hypoleucos)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 100 - 250 pairs Distribution pattern Dispersed all over the country, to a lesser extent in the Eastern part (the Black Sea coast and the adjacent areas, Dobrudzha and...

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Common Pheasant

Common Pheasant

(Phasianus colchicus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 6 000 – 10 000 pairs The present review concerns the species in general, represented by a population of hybrid specimens obtained from crossbreeding with the...

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Crested Lark

Crested Lark

(Galerida cristata)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 40 000 - 100 000 pairs Distribution pattern Everywhere in open fields throughout the country without the areas with vast and dense forests and the very mountainous parts...

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Crested Tit

Crested Tit

(Parus cristatus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 7000 - 10000 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy distribution in the coniferous belt in the high parts of the mountains Rila, Pirin, Slavyanka, Western Rhodopes and...

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Caspian Gull

Caspian Gull

(Larus cachinans)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 50 - 100 pairs Distribution pattern With limited distribution along the Danube. Currently, colonies of the species are found in Ruse and Silistra, but it is possible that...

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Common Kingfisher

Common Kingfisher

(Alcedo atthis)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 1 000 – 2 000 pairs Distribution pattern With grouped and linear distribution, close to the river network (the middle and lower reaches) and to other wetlands in the plains...

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Common Moorhen

Common Moorhen

(Gallinula chloropus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 5 000-12 000 pairs Distribution pattern With uneven patchy distribution in the plains and lowlands of the whole country, most widespread along the Danube River and in...

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Cirl Bunting

Cirl Bunting

(Emberiza cirlus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 50 000 - 70 000 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy and dispersed distribution in the lower parts of the whole country, more consistent in southern Bulgaria and along...

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Common Chiffchaff

Common Chiffchaff

(Phylloscopus collybita)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 200 000 - 700 000 pairs Distribution pattern With almost compact distribution throughout the mountainous territory of the country, in the forested plains of...

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Calandra Lark

Calandra Lark

(Melanocorypha calandra)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 3 000 – 5 000 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy and less dispersed distribution in plains and in low hilly areas in different parts of the country, mainly in...

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Common Wood Pigeon

Common Wood Pigeon

(Columba palumbus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 15 000 - 35 000 pairs Distribution pattern Distributed throughout most of the country, especially in mountainous and semi-mountainous areas, but also in lowland forest...

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Common Redstart

Common Redstart

(Phoenicurus phoenicurus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 2 000 – 5 000 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy and dispersed distribution throughout the country, more compact in Strandzha, in the coastal part of Eastern...

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Common Whitethroat

Common Whitethroat

(Sylvia communis)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 75 000- 200 000 pairs Distribution pattern Distributed throughout most of the country without some predominantly forested areas in the middle and high parts of the...

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Common Raven

Common Raven

(Corvus corax)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 900 – 1 200 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy and dispersed distribution over most of the country, denser in the mountains and more dispersed in the plains.Breeding...

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Common Reed Warbler

Common Reed Warbler

(Acrocephalus scirpaceus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 5 000 - 10 000 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy and dispersed distribution, more dense along the Black Sea coast and the Danube River, in the Sofia Field and...

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Common Buzzard

Common Buzzard

(Buteo buteo)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 2 500 – 4 000 pairs Distribution pattern Throughout the country. Not found at some areas in treeless plains with predominant arable lands – locally in the Danubian and the...

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Cetti’s Warbler

Cetti’s Warbler

(Cettia cetti)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 350 – 750 pairs Distribution pattern With limited patchy distribution, mainly along the Southern Black Sea coast, in the southern part of the Struma River Valley and the...

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Chukar

Chukar

(Alectoris chukar)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 1 500 – 3 000 pairs Distribution pattern With patchy distribution in the forestless stony parts of South-eastern Bulgaria in Derventa Hills, Sakar and the Eastern...

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Common Swift

Common Swift

(Apus apus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 8 500 - 20 000 pairs Distribution pattern Patchy distribution, totally covering the mountainous areas and the Black Sea coast. Multiple dispersed or less grouped breeding sites...

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Common Tern

Common Tern

(Sterna hirundo)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 2020: 1075 – 2340 pairs (2007: 500 – 1200 pairs) Distribution pattern With dispersed distribution, more grouped in places along the Black Sea coast (mainly in the Burgas...

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Collared Pratincole

Collared Pratincole

(Glareola pratincola)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 2020: 133 - 428 pairs (2007: 140 - 180 pairs) Distribution pattern With grouped breeding sites in three differentiated regions – the Thracian Plain (between the towns...

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Common Pochard

Common Pochard

(Aythya ferina)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Vulnerable Population size: 2020: 69 -266 pairs (2007: 100-250 pairs) Distribution pattern With grouped and dispersed distribution, mainly along the Danube River and the Black Sea coast, where the main...

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Common Teal

Common Teal

(Anas crecca)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 2020: 0-6 pairs (2007: 2-15 pairs) Distribution pattern With isolated single breeding habitats in neighbouring squares, mainly along the Danube River, the Black Sea Coast and...

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Common Black-headed Gull

Common Black-headed Gull

(Larus ridibundus)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 2020: 10-99 pairs (2007: 180-250 pairs) Distribution pattern With isolated breeding habitats only along the Danube River (Srabarna Lake, Orsoya and the Kalomok fishponds)...

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Common Merganser

Common Merganser

(Mergus merganser)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 2020: 2-7 pairs (2007: 2-5 pairs) Distribution pattern For the Common Merganser, a northern species, Bulgaria is on the border of its southernmost breeding range. Breeding...

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Common Shelduck

Common Shelduck

(Tadorna tadorna)Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) - Least Concern Population size: 2020: 110-206 pairs (2007: 30-50 pairs) Distribution pattern Predominantly along the Black Sea coast, mainly around the Burgas bay, where breeding sites are most clearly...

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