Atlas of nesting birds in Bulgaria

Middle Spotted Woodpecker

(Dendrocopos medius)

Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) – Least Concern

Population size: 12 000 – 20 000 pairs

Distribution pattern

With patchy and dispersed distribution in most of the country, more densely in the mountains, areas with lowland forests and along some of the larger rivers (Danube, Tundzha, Maritsa, Struma, Arda, etc.). With isolated breeding grounds in the Danubian plain, the Thracian Plain, and other lowland regions.

Big size map

Breeding distribution 2013 – 2020 – The distribution and the estimation of the population size of the species for the period 2013 – 2020 is presented –

Comparative distribution of the species compared to the first breeding birds atlas (Iankov, 2007): Breeding locality until 2007 | Breeding locality until 2007, confirmed after 2015 – | New breeding locality after 2015. – The breeding localities after 2015 are identified on a base of raw data from


Breeds in old broad-leaved deciduous forests (especially oak), alluvial and riverine forests and brush, including wider riparian tree plantations, as well as in old orchards, tree and shrub plantations. Less common in mixed forests, coniferous forests and public parks and gardens, especially in forest type parks.

Trends in population changes for the period 2013-2020

Not analysed


Not analysed