Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) – Least Concern
Population size: 120 – 160 pairs
With dispersed breeding sites, more often grouped in neighbouring squares in mountainous and semi-mountainous regions – mainly in the Balkan Range, Fore Balkan, Rila, Pirin, Western and Eastern Rhodopes, Western Frontier Mountains, and the mountains in Kraishte and Vitosha Mountain, but also on some plateaus in the Danubian Plain. The sites are located near flyways of migratory birds, rocky gorges and other rocky terrains with extensive delevelling, close to open areas. In the mountains rarely nests above the tree line. Individual pairs also nest in large towns.
Comparative distribution of the species compared to the first breeding birds atlas (Iankov, 2007): Breeding locality until 2007 | Breeding locality until 2007, confirmed after 2015 – | New breeding locality after 2015. – The breeding localities after 2015 are identified on a base of raw data from smartbirds.org.
Breeds most often in deep gorges, rocky Massifs close to the tops of hills, building its nests on high inland cliffs and exposed rocks, rarely in old nests of other birds in forests, also rarely on high buildings in towns, villages, and industrial zones.
Trends in population changes for the period 2013-2020