Atlas of nesting birds in Bulgaria

Spotted Nutcracker

(Nucifraga caryocatactes)

Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) – Least Concern

Population size: 10 000 – 15 000 pairs

Distribution pattern

With limited patchy, dispersed distribution mainly in the coniferous belt in the mountains, and covering mainly Western Bulgaria – the high parts of the Rila-Rhodope Massif, Vitosha, in Western and in some places in Central Stara Planina.

Big size map

Breeding distribution 2013 – 2020 – The distribution and the estimation of the population size of the species for the period 2013 – 2020 is presented –

Comparative distribution of the species compared to the first breeding birds atlas (Iankov, 2007): Breeding locality until 2007 | Breeding locality until 2007, confirmed after 2015 – | New breeding locality after 2015. – The breeding localities after 2015 are identified on a base of raw data from


Breeds almost entirely in coniferous forests of Picea abies, Pinus peuce, P. heldreihii and P. sylvestris. It is less common in mixed forests.

Trends in population changes for the period 2013-2020

Not analysed


Not analysed