Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) – Least Concern
Population size: 150 – 350 pairs
Patchy distribution in mountainous and semi-mountainous areas with old forests – Strandzha, Stara Planina, Rila, Pirin, and the Western Rhodopes. More dispersed in the Fore Balkan, in the Osogovska Mountain, Sredna Gora, the Thracian Plain, Eastern Rhodopes, etc. As an exception – breeds also in flat forested areas and along the Danube River.
Comparative distribution of the species compared to the first breeding birds atlas (Iankov, 2007): Breeding locality until 2007 | Breeding locality until 2007, confirmed after 2015 – | New breeding locality after 2015. – The breeding localities after 2015 are identified on a base of raw data from smartbirds.org.
Breeds in old broad – leaved deciduous forests, in mixed forests, and in coniferous forests with hollow trees. Less often in alluvial and riverine forests and brush, and on inland cliffs and exposed rocks (at Lomovete). Probably single pairs breed as an exception also in settlements.
Trends in population changes for the period 2013-2020