Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) – Least Concern
Population size: 160 – 360 pairs
With fragmented patchy distribution, covering mainly Eastern Bulgaria – the coastal part of Dobrudzha and the Southern part of the Dobrudzha Plateau, the Sliven Valley, the Karnobat, and the Aytos Plains, and the hilly areas North of Burgas, Sakar, the hilly areas North of the Derventa Hills, and in the Eastern Rhodopes. Isolated closely located nesting grounds at Besaparski Ridove and other hilly sites within the Thracian Plain, along the Struma River Valley, around the Sofia Field, and in the region of Svishtov, as well as with isolated localities at other parts of the country.
Comparative distribution of the species compared to the first breeding birds atlas (Iankov, 2007): Breeding locality until 2007 | Breeding locality until 2007, confirmed after 2015 – | New breeding locality after 2015. – The breeding localities after 2015 are identified on a base of raw data from smartbirds.org.
Breeds mainly on open steppe or other stony areas, mainly in steppes and dry calcareous grasslands and in dry siliceous grasslands, most often used as pastures. Breeds also in wastelands and gravel islands, flat gravel or sand river terraces, and other similar sections of river valleys along the lower and middle reaches of the rivers, as well as in quarries.
Trends in population changes for the period 2013-2020