Atlas of nesting birds in Bulgaria


(Tichodroma muraria)

Category of conservation concern (IUCN, 2020) – Least Concern

Population size: 300 – 500 pairs

Distribution pattern

With limited patchy distribution close to rocky areas with specific exposure and microclimate, mainly in the higher rocky parts of the Rila-Rhodope Massif and Central Stara Planina, but also in lower areas in these mountains.

Big size map

Breeding distribution 2013 – 2020 – The distribution and the estimation of the population size of the species for the period 2013 – 2020 is presented –

Comparative distribution of the species compared to the first breeding birds atlas (Iankov, 2007): Breeding locality until 2007 | Breeding locality until 2007, confirmed after 2015 – | New breeding locality after 2015. – The breeding localities after 2015 are identified on a base of raw data from


Breeds exclusively on inland cliffs and exposed rocks, and sometimes close to entrances of caves. There are two types of exposed rocks preferred for nesting – in the high parts of the mountains (above the tree line) and in river valleys and gorges at lower altitudes. In the alpine zone breeds in the walls of chalets, substations and other isolated buildings in the mountains.

Trends in population changes for the period 2013-2020

Not analysed


Not analysed